There are different types of glaucoma, but mainly it is known for causing vision loss. Because progression is so gradual, most do not experience noticeable symptoms until the disease has progressed significantly. Glaucoma is not curable; however, the disease can be managed when it is in the early stages to prevent irreversible vision loss. At Bay Optical, we have provided residents of Glens Falls, Saratoga, Greenwich, and Warrensburg with glaucoma treatment services for many years.
Causes and Risk Factors
Glaucoma can happen to anyone, but some are more susceptible than others. It strikes more often for those that have a family history of the disease, and those over 60 years old. While the exact cause of glaucoma is not fully understood, it seems that eye pressure can play a strong role in the development of the disease. Vision loss is the result of damage to the optical nerve in the brain.
Types of Glaucoma
There are four types of glaucoma that eye doctors look for:
- Open-angle glaucoma is also known as chronic glaucoma and is the most common type. It is suspected that the increased pressure in the eye stems from improper fluid drainage, which inhibits proper blood flow.
- Angle-closure glaucoma is sometimes referred to as acute glaucoma and it also involves a drainage problem. The iris has moved forward and blocked drainage paths. This type develops very quickly and demands prompt treatment to save vision.
- With secondary glaucoma, the drainage angle is narrow, and either the trabecular meshwork becomes damaged due to pressure from the iris, or drainage is blocked off by the meshwork.
- Unlike other types of the disease, developmental glaucoma is congenital and strikes babies and young children when they experience pressure in their eyes. While vision loss can be limited to treatment, the condition needs close monitoring throughout life.
Glaucoma Treatment in Glens Falls, Saratoga, Greenwich, and Warrensburg
Call Bay Optical today for more information on glaucoma treatment or to schedule an appointment with our eye doctor.